Diazepam is a well-known drug all over the world; Diazepam to buy as it is one of the best-known anti-anxiety and anticonvulsant drugs, diazepam is the generic name for Valium which was first manufactured by Hoffmann-La Roche, it was synthesized in 1959, entered the market in 1963, and became the most selling in the United States in 1968 till 1982 with 2.3 billion tablets sold in 1978.
Over 14 million prescriptions were reported in 2011.
After the patent expired in 1985, over 500 brands are now sold in many forms such as tablets, suppositories, suspensions, gels, and other formulations.
Diazepam is used in treating a wide spectrum, CNS disorders such as anxiety, epilepsy, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, and muscle spasms and stiffness.
Off-label it is used in treating many conditions like insomnia, restless leg syndrome, and pre or post-operative sedation.
Diazepam’s potency, high bioavailability, and fast onset of action make it clinically efficient and successful commercially.
However, those advantages brought up a higher risk of dependence and abuse.
Before taking diazepam, you must tell your doctor if you suffer from any of the following conditions:
- Myasthenia gravis (a disorder of muscle weakness).
- Severe breathing problems.
- Sleep apnoea (stop breathing during sleep for short time).
- Narrow-angle glaucoma.
- Uncontrolled open-angle glaucoma.
- Severe liver diseases.
- Allergy to it.
- Drug or Alcohol addiction.
- Any kind of depression including (mood changes or suicidal thoughts).
- Seizures unless you are taking it for seizures disorder.
Diazepam should be taken exactly as the doctor prescribed, it doesn’t have a specific dose.
The dosage is based on the medical condition, age, and how you are responding to medication.
It can be taken with food or without; if you are using the suspension you must use a special measuring device or measuring spoon or syringe.
You shouldn’t use the household spoon as it will lead to an incorrect dose.
should be used only for short times, if you need to take more than 4 months it should be under the supervision of your doctor.
You shouldn’t stop the medication suddenly as it may lead to fatal withdrawal symptoms, if you need to stop the medication you should consult with your doctor to decrease the dose gradually then stop the medication.
You must follow your condition with several medical tests, follow with your doctor about the necessary medical tests that you may need.
If you miss a dose take it as soon as you remember, but if it is time for the next dose don’t double the doses as it may cause serious side effects.
Overdose can be fatal; it includes severe drowsiness, loss of coordination, weak muscles, slow breathing which may lead to coma or even death.
These effects may occur if you take with alcohol, opioid medications (it is a class of drugs that include illegal heroin, synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and pain relievers legally available by a prescription like oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine, and many others) or with any other drugs that cause drowsiness or slow breathing.
If you experience any of these effects, you must head to the nearest hospital or call an ambulance immediately.
Go to the nearest hospital or call an ambulance if you experience any allergic reaction to diazepam, hives (Urticaria), difficulty breathing, and swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
If you experience any of the following, you must call your doctor immediately:
- Severe drowsiness or dizziness.
- Mood or behavior changes.
- Depression and anxiety or worsening of them.
- Suicide thoughts.
- Sleeping problems.
- Seizures (new or worsened).
If you are an elder person be cautious while taking diazepam as it may increase the accidental falls and injuries.
- Muscle weakness.
- Problems with balance or coordination.